Teeth Sensitivity: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Teeth Sensitivity: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Have you ever felt uncomfortable or in pain after eating cold or hot food or beverages? If so, then you are not traveling alone. One of the most prevalent dental problems that many people deal with is teeth sensitivity, which is the source of any discomfort or pain we feel.

Dentin Hypersensitivity, commonly referred to as tooth sensitivity or sensitive teeth, is exactly what it describes like—a pain or discomfort in the teeth that may be momentary or chronic. Teeth sensitivity affects as least 6 out of 10 individuals. Most of the time, the accompanying pain has a quick, impinging beginning. Sensitive teeth don't always manifest themselves in or are linked to any particular age group or family. While sensitive teeth might have a variety of reasons, the majority of them can be readily remedied by altering your dental hygiene routine.

1.Causes of Sensitive Teeth

The inflammation of the tooth's nerves causes sensitivity, Additionally, while eating or chewing, flossing, or cleaning your teeth, you may experience sensitivity. When the dentin, the tooth's innermost layer, is exposed as a result of retreating gum tissue, sensitive teeth develop (the protective covering that covers the roots of teeth). Thousands of tiny tubes lead from the roots, which are not protected by strong enamel, to the core of the tooth.

2.Excess consumption of Acidic Foods

Regular consumption of acidic food like pickles, citrus food (lemons, oranges, berries, etc.,) tea can cause enamel erosion. Avoiding these food items can help avoid discomfort and pain in the tooth.

3.Addicted to Mouthwashes

Some over-the-counter mouth rinses, like whitening toothpaste, contains alcohol and many other chemicals that might render your teeth more sensitive, notably if your dentin is exposed. Rather, try rinsing with neutralized fluoride or try skipping the flush and focus on flossing and brushing more diligently.

4.Brushing too hard

Using a stiff-bristled toothbrush can deteriorate enamel over time and reveal dentin over time causing gum recession.

5.Gum diseases

Sensitivity can be caused by inflamed and irritated gum tissue due to the absence of stabilizing ligaments, which reveal the root surface, which goes straight to the tooth's nerve.

6.Tooth grinding

Tooth grinding can wear down tooth enamel, despite the fact that it is the toughest component in your body. This exposes the dentin or the central portion of the teeth that contains the hollow tubes that connect to the nerve.

7.Excessive plaque

Plaque is a sticky coating of germs that grows on teeth all the time. Sensitivity might be caused by the existence of plaque on the root surfaces.

8.Dental procedures

Dental procedures like teeth cleaning, root planning, crown implantation, and tooth restoration may cause sensitivity. Sensitivity due to dental treatments can be transient and normally goes away in 4 to 6 weeks.

9.Poor dental hygiene

We all know the importance of dental and oral care, and skipping oral or dental hygiene (skipping brushing or flossing at least once a day) can cause sensitivity.


Age acts as another main cause of sensitivity. According to the studies conducted on tooth sensitivity, is high in people between the ages of 25 and 30

Other causes include:

  •  GERD
  • Facial or jaw trauma
  • Vitamin C deficiency
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress


  • Sensitivity to climate changes
  • Negative responses to hot meals and beverages.
  • Pain or discomfort caused by cold meals and beverages
  • Pain while brushing or flossing teeth.
  • Hypersensitivity to acidic and sugary meals and beverages


If you are experiencing sensitive teeth for the first time, schedule an appointment with your dentist. They can evaluate the condition of your teeth and search for probable concerns such as cavities, loose fillings, or receding gums that could be causing the sensitivity.

This will be done by your dentist during your regular teeth cleaning. They will clean your teeth and provide a visual check. They can use dental equipment to test your teeth for sensitivity, and they can also order an x-ray to rule out problems such as cavities.

Tooth Sensitivity Treatment

1.Desensitizing toothpaste:

After a few applications, desensitizing toothpaste can occasionally help relieve the pain experienced with sensitive teeth: There are several nonprescription products available. Inquire with your dentist about the finest product for your dental care.


To build tooth enamel and minimize discomfort, your dentist may administer fluoride to sensitive parts of your teeth. He or she may also advise using prescription fluoride at home via a custom tray.

3.Root canal:

If you are experiencing sensitive teeth that are causing serious pain and previous treatments have failed, your dentist may consider a root canal, which is a surgery used to repair issues with the soft core of the tooth (dental pulp). Although this may not appear to be a significant therapy, it is the most effective method for eliminating sensitive teeth.

4.Surgical gum transplant:

When your tooth root has lost gum tissue, a little piece of gum tissue from your mouth can be extracted and reattached to the damaged spot. This will shield the exposed roots and lessen sensitivity.

5.Desensitization or bonding:

Sensitive root surfaces can sometimes be addressed by putting an adhesive resin on them. A local anesthetic may be required.


  • Use fluoride toothpaste to brush at least twice a day
  • Floss at least once a day
  • Take pauses to whiten your teeth
  • Avoid sugary, starchy, and acidic meals
  • Consume alcohol in moderation
  • Use a nighttime mouthguard to minimize teeth grinding and clenching
  • Visit a dentist on a regular basis
  • Stop smoking

Hyderabad Smiles is one of the most incredible dental hospitals in Hyderabad, India, and has considerably enhanced many people's smiles. Hyderabad Smiles is the most popular dental clinic in the city. So, enjoy your world with healthy teeth and beautiful smiles at one of the top dental clinics in Hyderabad, India. With cutting-edge technology and cutting-edge equipment. Hyderabad Smiles provides a comprehensive variety of dentistry specializations under one roof, supported by cutting-edge technology and a world-class dental laboratory.

Consult with your dental hygienist before undergoing any form of teeth sensitivity treatment. They may assess the current status of your teeth and advise you on the best method to care for them. This will prevent you from doing anything that will cause lasting damage to your teeth and will protect the structural integrity of your tooth enamel in the long run.

Hyderabad Smiles offers a wide selection of tooth sensitivity treatment options. We have everything you need; contact our professionals in the nation right now to discuss your treatment options.


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