Periodontics

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Are Your Gums Healthy?
Get a thorough check-up at Hyderabad Smiles Advanced Dental Hospitals and know how healthy your gums are. Get the best gum care at our dental hospitals.

What Is Gum Disease or Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal around the teeth; and any disease in your gums is called Gum disease or Periodontal disease.
Gum diseases, though are very common, are usually ignored by individuals mainly because the symptoms are painless in the early stages. Until the problem becomes painful and troublesome, most individuals do not visit a dentist. If these symptoms are not treated in time, periodontal disease may result in teeth loss.

However, periodontal diseases are preventable. Understand the causes of gum diseases, practice good oral hygiene, and visit a dentist at regular intervals.

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Who Is a Periodontist?
A periodontist is a dental surgeon who specializes in periodontal or gum diseases. A periodontist prevents, diagnoses, and treats gum diseases and specializes in dental implants.

These dental surgeons get extensive training in the treatment of gum diseases. In addition to their dental school, periodontists get 3 years of further education in the specified field.

Usually, periodontists take advantage of the latest techniques to diagnose and treat gum diseases. These dental surgeons can also perform cosmetic periodontal techniques to get you the smile you desire.

At Hyderabad Smiles Advanced Dental Hospitals, our periodontists perform Laser gum treatment, flap surgery, gingivectomy, bone grafting, and other latest procedures to treat your periodontal diseases.

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What Are the Causes of Gum Diseases?
Gum diseases are caused mainly due to plaque - a colorless, sticky layer that accumulates on the teeth surface. When plaque is not removed daily, bacteria grow in it and the sticky layer becomes hard. This hard layer is called Calculus or Tartar.

If tartar and plaque are not removed from the teeth, the bacteria start producing toxins that can damage the supporting tissues and bone around your teeth. As the bacteria grow and damage the bone, the gums around your teeth become loose and separate from the gum.

The space or the gap between the teeth and the gum is called pockets. These pockets provide further growth to the bacteria if not treated at the earliest. As the pockets around your teeth deepen, the gum tissues and bone are further damaged and eventually loosen your teeth. If still not treated, your teeth may have to be removed.

Other factors that can cause gum diseases are:

  • Bad or poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Illness
  • Medication - certain medications can adversely impact oral health
  • Hormonal changes
  • Hereditary in some cases

What Are the Signs of Gum Disease?
The general symptoms of gum diseases are:

  • Bleeding gums after brushing the teeth
  • Red, tender, or swollen gums
  • Bad breath/ bad taste in the mouth constantly
  • Receding gums
  • Deep pockets between gums and teeth
  • Loose teeth, etc.

A periodontist or a dentist can easily identify the symptoms of periodontal disease or the existence of gum disease during regular examinations. Therefore, we strongly recommend you visit your dentist at least twice a year.

During the examination, a dentist performs periodontal charting. The dentist uses the periodontal probe instrument with ruled millimeter makings to measure the depth of the pockets. Ideally, a space between 1mm to 3mm is considered normal, but any gap wider than that may indicate the formation of periodontal pockets and associated gum disease. The dentists may also take X- rays to see if there is any bone damage occurring to the teeth.
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What Are the Treatments for Gum Disease?
There are many treatments available for gum disease. However, the earlier you visit your dentist, the sooner your gum disease is treated.

If periodontal disease is detected in the early stages, a simple procedure may be required to clear out the accumulation of plaque. But if the disease has advanced, then the periodontists control the gum disease and prevent it from developing further.

Depending upon the severity of the disease, periodontal disease treatment may involve:

  • Surgical treatment
  • Non-surgical treatment

Our experienced and highly skilled periodontists provide the required guidance and instructions to treat the gum disease effectively. Our periodontists evaluate the severity of your teeth condition and discuss the available treatment options.

Hyderabad Smiles Advanced Dental Hospitals practices the following non-surgical treatments to treat gum disease:

  • Prophylaxis/Scaling
  • Scaling & Root Planing
  • Bite Adjustment
  • Medications

Prophylaxis/Scaling

In this procedure, our dentists clean all the harmful deposits that are accumulated on your teeth. We use curettes and ultrasonic devices for this non-surgical dental cleaning.
Scaling & Root Planing
We perform this procedure to deep clean your teeth. We use curettes and ultrasonic devices to remove all the toxic deposits from your teeth and teeth roots.
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Bite Adjustment

In this procedure, we fix your incorrect bite and prevent any further bone destruction around your offending teeth. For this, we may either adjust your bite to improve your teeth function, or construct a custom bite guard, or secure a detachable device on your lower/upper teeth. This is done to protect your teeth surface and relax your jaw muscles.

Medications

We recommend medication to kill the bacteria that cause gum disease or to stop further bone damage around the teeth. Our periodontists suggest you apply fibers, antibiotic gels, or chips directly to the infected pocket for effective results. You can place antibiotics in the pocket or take them orally depending on the case.

Apart from these non-surgical treatments, Hyderabad Smiles Advanced Dental Hospitals advise you to visit any of our dental hospitals once in 3 months for check-ups. We use X-rays and charting of the pockets to see the depth of the pockets and evaluate the diseases and treat the problem at the earliest!

Surgical Treatment for Gum Disease

We perform Periodontal surgery when the tissues around your teeth become unhealthy and cannot be treated with non-surgical treatments. At our dental hospitals, we perform:

  • Curettage
  • Flap surgery
  • Gingivectomy
  • Frenectomy
  • Flap surgery with bone grafts
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR)
  • Gum contouring

How Can I Regain the Bone Lost due to Periodontal Disease?

You can regain the lost bone with surgical techniques, such as bone grafts and Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) along with advanced materials. However, the bone can be restored only to some extent.

Our periodontists will first evaluate your case and then explain the various treatment options available to us. We perform GTR or bone grafting depending on the situation.

What Are the Advances in Periodontal Surgery?

Periodontal surgery includes regenerative techniques amongst other advanced techniques. In the regenerative technique, the tissues that are damaged due to periodontal disease are regenerated to some extent.

Regeneration can be done through various methods that include Bone Grafting and GTR.

In bone grafting, natural or synthetic material is used to rebuild the lost bone. In the GTR method, only healthy and selected tissues are regenerated to heal the treated area, and the unhealthy tissues are eliminated.
Which Treatment Is Best for Loose Teeth? Splinting or Extraction

The type of treatment depends on the severity of the case.

  • In case the teeth are mildly loose, a process called Splinting is used. In this process, the slightly loose teeth are tied together with a wire and a tooth-colored material to the adjacent healthy teeth.
  • In case the teeth are very loose, Extraction is the only treatment option.

How to Prevent Periodontal Diseases from Recurring?

At our hospitals, we recommend our patients to follow a thorough oral hygiene every day to prevent periodontal disease from returning. Avoid plaque deposits with proper brushing, flossing, and using other cleaning methods that we suggest to you.

After treating your gum disease, we schedule regular cleaning check-ups for you to prevent periodontal disease from returning. In these check-ups, your teeth are examined, the formation of plaque or tartar is cleaned, and your teeth are polished.

What is the Treatment for Receding Gum Line?

When your gum line starts receding due to periodontal disease and exposes your teeth root, your teeth appear longer than normal. To correct this condition, we use cosmetic surgeries to restore the gum line and cover your exposed teeth.

In periodontal disease, the gums pull away from your teeth and start receding. As the gum line recedes, the teeth appear longer than normal.

We use cosmetic surgeries such as soft tissue grafting and root coverage procedures to restore healthy gum tissues and cover the exposed teeth. This prevents further bone loss, stops gum line recession, protects your roots from cavities, and makes your teeth less sensitive.

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What is the Treatment for Gummy Smile?

When your gums cover most of the exposed teeth, the condition is called a “gummy smile”. In this condition, your teeth may appear shorter.

We use the gum contouring procedure to remove the excess gum tissue from your teeth and reveal the crown of your teeth. We can carefully carve your gum line to create the right proportion between your gum tissues and teeth surface and give a smile you desire.

Visit any of the branches of Hyderabad Smiles Advanced Dental Hospitals for a thorough examination of your teeth and for the best gum disease treatment. Or call us on (+91) 880 162 7272.

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