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Healthy vs Diseased Gum

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Gum disease or periodontal disease is the ailment of the gums that is caused by bacterial plaque. The plaque is a thin, colorless, and sticky film of saliva and food particles that continuously forms on the teeth. You must maintain high standards of oral hygiene to remove the plaque daily. If you do not remove plaque, it can turn into a hard layer called Calculus (tartar).

If plaque is not removed from the teeth bacteria will flourish in the sticky film and produce toxins that may decay the supporting tissues and bone around the teeth. If the gum disease develops, the gum around your teeth becomes loose and results in deep areas called pockets. As the gum disease advances, the gum pockets deepen, resulting in severe damage to the gum tissues and bone.

If the gum/periodontal disease is not treated in time, your teeth may have to be removed.

Healthy Gums and Bones

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Healthy gums appear light pink in color and are sharply defined. The teeth are firmly fixed into the bone, and the bone firmly surrounds the roots.


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Gingivitis is the infection of gum tissues. It is the initial stage of periodontal disease. In gingivitis, the gums are red, swollen, and bleed painlessly. However, the teeth bone is not affected.


Required Image HerePeriodontitis is a severe gum infection that damages the supporting tissues of the teeth resulting in tooth loss. Depending upon the severity, various stages of periodontal disease are identified as:

  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Severe

For more information on gum disease and its treatment, contact us now at (+91) 880 162 7272.

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